Anne Frank statue near Westerkerk
In 1942, when the Germans started rounding up Jews in Amsterdam, the Frank family went into hiding and for 25 months they hid in a secret annexe in Otto Frank's business premises on Prinsengracht. In August 1944, they were betrayed and deported. Anne, aged 15, and her sister were sent in Berger-Belsen concentration camp, where they died in March 1945. Anne hoped to become a famous writer, as she wrote on the 11th of May 1944. Her diary is now a symbol of the experiences of the Jews and has made her one of the most inspiring figures of the 20th century.